Aquaponics gardening is a great method of gardening that can allow many people to get into gardening without putting in the work load normally associated with gardening. Aquaponics is also less expensive than traditional gardening, uses less water and less energy. Aquaponics gardening combines hydroponics(soil-less plant growing) with aquaculture(fish farming) in a synergistic relationship. There are a number of fish and aquatic life that can be raised in an aquaponic system. Some of the most popular species among many aquaponics gardeners are Tilapia, Catfish and Crappie . Each fish species has its own set of particulars, which we will get into below.
Tilapia are fast becoming the most popular species of fish in aquaponics. This is for good reason, tilapia are a hardy type of fish. They can tolerate a range of temperatures and still survive. They grow fast and tilapia are also easy to raise and taste good too. Tilapia grown in aquaponics are almost exclusively male. This is because the females are very fertile and mixing male and females in your rearing tanks will produce lots of offspring. Whole tilapia make a good skinless boneless filet.
Catfish are another popular species of fish grown in an aquaponics system. They are good to eat and easy to farm in warm climates. Catfish can be found all over the world. There are several types of catfish such as banjo catfish, long whiskered cat fish, and walking cat fish. Catfish produce a lot of waste compared to other fish, so be sure to keep that in mind when designing your aquaponics garden.
Finally Crappie are another popular species of fish used in aquaponics. Crappie are considered by many to be the best tasting fresh water fish. Crappie is a popular game fish. They can tolerate cold water as they are active in the winter time. Crappie feed on a variety of things which lends them to doing well in aquaponics setup.
An aquaponics system can accommodate quite a few different species of fish. Deciding which aquaponics fish species that you want to raise doesn’t need to be that difficult. Many types of fish can be suitably raised in an aquaponics system. Some fish you can eat, others you can't. Just chose the fish that is easiest for you to raise which for most would probably be tilapia but only you know for sure.